So, it’s official, December 2015 was the ‘wettest ever’ [smallprint: ‘in the UK record going back to 1910’]. Much fanfare at the Met Office, Guardian, Indie etc., blah, blah, blah. It beat 1929 to the top spot and ‘though El Nino undoubtedly played a part, such events are predicted to become more common as climate change (TM) progresses because of simple physics’ – the well worn statement of implicit attribution combined with appropriate caveat and unassailable ‘scientific’ logic is now very boringly familiar to most.
So, yes indeed it was the wettest December in the UK since 1910, but is there a trend? Hardly, looking at the graph above. Decembers were wetter in the early 20th century, then they got drier and from the 1970’s they’ve got progressively wetter again – but not significantly wetter than they were in 1910 (one record does not a significant rising trend make). If we look at each country of the UK, we see in fact that England has in fact become drier in Dec since 1910:
Whereas Scotland shows the only really significant increase in precipitation in December:
The EWP record which goes back to 1766 and which has not been referenced by the Met Office and alarmist press as far as I know, shows that December 2015 wasn’t even a contender for a top spot, exceeded in the record by numerous other years and coming nowhere near the record set in 1876.
Thus we must conclude that, for whatever reason, the ravages of climate change have not been visited upon the Sassenachs!
But I hear them say in climate alarmist land: “Ah yes, but the rainfall intensity in the north and Scotland was unprecedented!” followed by, “We expect this due to climate change and simple physics” . . . blah, blah, blah, etc. etc. etc. Well, OK, yes, it seems that records were set at individual weather stations and the biggie was at Honister Pass – 341.4mm of rain in a 24 hour period (a new UK record). But all may not be as it seems. You see, a ‘day’ of rainfall has traditionally been measured from 0900 GMT to 0900 GMT. I quote:
“The 09-09 GMT record is important because from a historical context much of the data is daily data recorded over the standard 09-09GMT period.”
So even though Dec 2015 set a record for most intense rainfall in any 24 hour period (a relatively recent method of measuring rainfall), it failed to set any records for a traditional rainfall day. The records still stand as follows:
Highest 24-hour rainfall totals for a rainfall day (0900-0900 GMT)
|England||279||18 July 1955||Martinstown (Dorset)|
|Scotland||238||17 January 1974||Sloy Main Adit (Argyll & Bute)|
|Wales||211||11 November 1929||Lluest Wen Reservoir (Mid Glamorgan)|
|Northern Ireland||159||31 October 1968||Tollymore Forest (County Down)|
All of them, you will note, set 1974 or earlier, gong back to 1929. 2015 did manage to set the record for rainfall in a traditional 2 day period though, which now stands at 405.0 mm measured at Thirlmere, Cumbria. This was the only recognised traditional short period rainfall record set in December 2015. If we look at periods shorter than 24 hours, Dec 2015 doesn’t even get a look in.
UK rainfall records for short durations
|Highest 5-minute total||32*||10 August 1893||Preston (Lancashire)|
|Highest 30-minute total||80||26 June 1953||Eskdalemuir (Dumfries & Galloway)|
|Highest 60-minute total||92||12 July 1901||Maidenhead (Berkshire)|
|Highest 90-minute total||117||8 August 1967||Dunsop Valley (Lancashire)|
|Highest 120-minute total||193#||19 May 1989||Walshaw Dean Lodge (West Yorkshire)|
|Highest 120-minute total||155#||11 June 1956||Hewenden Reservoir (West Yorkshire)|
|Highest 155-minute total||169||14 August 1975||Hampstead (Greater London)|
|Highest 180-minute total||178||7 October 1960||Horncastle (Lincolnshire)|
* Approximate value.
# Reservations about Walshaw value, Hewenden value is next highest accepted value.
So much for the expected increase in intense rainfall. You will note that most of the shorter period records are set in summer, as one would expect with strong convective heating. But even so, the most recent year in which an intense short period rainfall record was set is 1989. The rest go way back as early as 1893.
So overall, we’re not seeing evidence of December being particularly exceptional in terms of monthly totals or shorter period more intense downpours. Not exactly what the alarmists want the world to hear.